4 days ago

Information About Nosema With Adult Honey Bees

Nosema is the most widespread of the adult honey bee diseases. A single celled animal named Nosema apis, a small, unicellular parasite specific to the honeybee, causes it. Nosema cannot exist in a laboratory culture, as with most bacteria and fungi. It will only thrive and multiply in the epithelial cells of the honey bee ventriculus which causes dysentery. Queens, drones and workers are all susceptible to Nosema. The spores of the Nosema must be ingested for the bee to be infected. The spore takes root in the midgut, where they will penetrate a midgut cell and grow by absorbing nutrients from that cell. The parasite will increase in size until it is large enough to divide in half. Each new parasite will continue to feed on the nutrients of the cell until they are depleted. In a matter of time, about 6 to 10 days, 100 new spores are formed in the infected cell. The infected cell when depleted of all the nutrients ruptures releasing all the newly formed spores into the midgut to start the process again. The damaged intestinal tissue is susceptible to secondary diseases. Dysentery is a common symptom of this disease. You will be able to spot the dysentery on the outside of the hive by the little brown spots, but the diseased bees will also defecate inside the hive. contaminating combs with millions of infectious spores. The disease is spread to other colony members through fecal matter.

Nosema having infected one bee will be spread to others in the colony. The disease lowers the life span of the bees. If you have a colony of bees infected with Nosema in late fall, come spring it is likely that most of the colony will have died off.

Nosema is a difficult disease to diganose without using laboratory equipment. Decapitating a bee and pulling out the last abdominal segments usually will remove the intestinal tract while still intact. An infected midgut will become swollen, whitish and lose its visible constrictions. However, other causes of dysentery, such as ingesting honeydew, fermented syrups, etc. can result in similar intestinal changes.

Treatment for Nosema is based on the most appropriate times to prevent comb contamination and to prevent the development of disease in bees that clean up fecal deposits from combs while they are still trying to expand the brood nest. A few bees are always infected, but the diseased late season bees are the only one of any concern. If they develop high levels of infection, they defecate on the combs in October, November, and December, and then they die. The use of fumagillin has been field tested by some beekeepers with acceptable results. When treating use the manufacturer's instructions.

By: Jack Stanley

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

To read about bee life cycle and bee hive removal, visit the Bee Facts site.

5 days ago

Information About Nosema With Adult Honey Bees

Nosema is the most widespread of the adult honey bee diseases. A single celled animal named Nosema apis, a small, unicellular parasite specific to the honeybee, causes it. Nosema cannot exist in a laboratory culture, as with most bacteria and fungi. It will only thrive and multiply in the epithelial cells of the honey bee ventriculus which causes dysentery. Queens, drones and workers are all susceptible to Nosema. The spores of the Nosema must be ingested for the bee to be infected. The spore takes root in the midgut, where they will penetrate a midgut cell and grow by absorbing nutrients from that cell. The parasite will increase in size until it is large enough to divide in half. Each new parasite will continue to feed on the nutrients of the cell until they are depleted. In a matter of time, about 6 to 10 days, 100 new spores are formed in the infected cell. The infected cell when depleted of all the nutrients ruptures releasing all the newly formed spores into the midgut to start the process again. The damaged intestinal tissue is susceptible to secondary diseases. Dysentery is a common symptom of this disease. You will be able to spot the dysentery on the outside of the hive by the little brown spots, but the diseased bees will also defecate inside the hive. contaminating combs with millions of infectious spores. The disease is spread to other colony members through fecal matter.

Nosema having infected one bee will be spread to others in the colony. The disease lowers the life span of the bees. If you have a colony of bees infected with Nosema in late fall, come spring it is likely that most of the colony will have died off.

Nosema is a difficult disease to diganose without using laboratory equipment. Decapitating a bee and pulling out the last abdominal segments usually will remove the intestinal tract while still intact. An infected midgut will become swollen, whitish and lose its visible constrictions. However, other causes of dysentery, such as ingesting honeydew, fermented syrups, etc. can result in similar intestinal changes.

Treatment for Nosema is based on the most appropriate times to prevent comb contamination and to prevent the development of disease in bees that clean up fecal deposits from combs while they are still trying to expand the brood nest. A few bees are always infected, but the diseased late season bees are the only one of any concern. If they develop high levels of infection, they defecate on the combs in October, November, and December, and then they die. The use of fumagillin has been field tested by some beekeepers with acceptable results. When treating use the manufacturer's instructions.

By: Jack Stanley

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

To read about bee life cycle and bee hive removal, visit the Bee Facts site.

6 days ago

A Guide on Semi-permanent Tattoos to Answer All Your Questions

The so-called semi-permanent tattoos, which last for many months or for a few years, involve insertion of the pigments under the skin. The ink inserted in the skin can't be completely removed, and so such tattoos can't be called temporary tattoos. However, some specially formulated ink can be much easier to remove, and they last for a period of 3-6 months. Many tattoos known as temporary tattoos, are applied using a tattoo gun which causes discomfort. Practitioners say that these tattoos will fade after a few years, but there is a lot of discrepancy over this. Due to such mixed opinions, these tattoos can't be completely termed as semi-permanent.

If your skin is sensitive, get an allergy check done before trying any tattooing methods. Apply a little line or patch of ink on your skin, and let it sit for an hour and then check for any allergic reaction.

Going for a tattoo using a tattoo gun will cause discomfort and there is no guarantee of complete removal. Hence, it is safe that you stick to any of the above mentioned safe temporary tattoo method, to get a body art design. Good luck!

6 days ago

Information About Nosema With Adult Honey Bees



Nosema is the most widespread of the adult honey bee diseases. A single celled animal named Nosema apis, a small, unicellular parasite specific to the honeybee, causes it. Nosema cannot exist in a laboratory culture, as with most bacteria and fungi. It will only thrive and multiply in the epithelial cells of the honey bee ventriculus which causes dysentery. Queens, drones and workers are all susceptible to Nosema. The spores of the Nosema must be ingested for the bee to be infected. The spore takes root in the midgut, where they will penetrate a midgut cell and grow by absorbing nutrients from that cell. The parasite will increase in size until it is large enough to divide in half. Each new parasite will continue to feed on the nutrients of the cell until they are depleted. In a matter of time, about 6 to 10 days, 100 new spores are formed in the infected cell. The infected cell when depleted of all the nutrients ruptures releasing all the newly formed spores into the midgut to start the process again. The damaged intestinal tissue is susceptible to secondary diseases. Dysentery is a common symptom of this disease. You will be able to spot the dysentery on the outside of the hive by the little brown spots, but the diseased bees will also defecate inside the hive. contaminating combs with millions of infectious spores. The disease is spread to other colony members through fecal matter.

Nosema having infected one bee will be spread to others in the colony. The disease lowers the life span of the bees. If you have a colony of bees infected with Nosema in late fall, come spring it is likely that most of the colony will have died off.

Nosema is a difficult disease to diganose without using laboratory equipment. Decapitating a bee and pulling out the last abdominal segments usually will remove the intestinal tract while still intact. An infected midgut will become swollen, whitish and lose its visible constrictions. However, other causes of dysentery, such as ingesting honeydew, fermented syrups, etc. can result in similar intestinal changes.



Treatment for Nosema is based on the most appropriate times to prevent comb contamination and to prevent the development of disease in bees that clean up fecal deposits from combs while they are still trying to expand the brood nest. A few bees are always infected, but the diseased late season bees are the only one of any concern. If they develop high levels of infection, they defecate on the combs in October, November, and December, and then they die. The use of fumagillin has been field tested by some beekeepers with acceptable results. When treating use the manufacturer's instructions.

By: Jack Stanley

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

To read about bee life cycle and bee hive removal, visit the Bee Facts site.

2 weeks ago

The World Cup: 5 Players to Watch

The World Cup, which begins June 11, will make stars and break them. It will bring some names to households and have others become curse words.

So here is an entirely unscientific prognostication of five players who will come out with their names emblazoned in lights and enveloped in the songs of angels.



Defender Gabriel Heinze, right, tries t

2 weeks ago

Imprima Targets Fast-Growing South African M&A and Capital Markets

LONDON & JOHANNESBURG--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Imprima has responded to substantial growth in the South African M&A

market by opening a new office in the financial district of Nelson

Mandela Square, Sandton, Johannesburg. The South African team will

provide iRooms virtual data room (VDR) and iDrafts document

collaboration services to corporates, their sponsors, financial and

legal advisory clients across Southern Africa as well as financial

document and printing services for debt , equity Bee Removals Johannesburg and M&A issues.

2 weeks ago

Bee Removals

Lees gerus hierdie bladsy in Afrikaans

Bee removals are the best way to ensure that your home is safe and

free of bees. We are one of the best bee removal companies in South

Africa. Our main goal is to ensure safety for all famalies. We not only

remove bees from homes, but we also remove bees from industrial ares.

Bees are closely related to ants wasps. They are responsible for honey

and beeswax, which makes them very important insects. So when you find

that you have bees in your home, it is best to call a bee removal company.

They will know what to do, and how to get rid of the bees without hurting

them. It is important