Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) was a Baptist minister and civil rights leader. In November 1983, President Reagan signed legislation creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, making it the third national holiday born in the twentieth century. The first was Veterans Day, created as a "prayer for peace" in 1926. Memorial Day came second in 1948. In 1956, Dr. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Honor King's memory with this online expedition into his life and achievements.