More than three quarters of Americans live in credit. Your credit score can mean the difference between being denied or approved for credit, and a low or high interest rate. But many nationalities and migrants are not that aware of it. Here is how Axis Capital Business Funding, a credit source offering small companies loans for their business in over 10 states in America explains what credit score really is.
What It Is
Your credit score is a three- digit number generated by a mathematical algorithm using information in your credit report. It's designed to predict risk, specifically, the likelihood that you will become seriously delinquent on your credit obligations in the 24 months after scoring.
There are a multitude of credit-scoring models in existence, but there's one that dominates the market: the FICO credit score. According to myFICO.com, the consumer website for the FICO score developer, "90 percent of all financial institutions in the U.S. use FICO scores in their decision-making process."
FICO scores range from 300 to 850, where a higher number indicates lower risk. There are also other existing online systems but mostly, if you encounter a site which asks you to pay, it may be a scam.
Cities like Singapore and Jakarta, Indonesia is now currently developing a new system similar to FICO to trace local credit scores and information. However, patronage remains to be a big problem as these cities are rarely using their credits.
Payment history: (35 percent) -- Your account payment information, including any delinquencies and public records.
Amounts owed: (30 percent) -- How much you owe on your accounts. The amount of available credit you're using on revolving accounts is heavily weighted.
Length of credit history: (15 percent) -- How long ago you opened accounts and time since account activity.
Types of credit used: (10 percent) -- The mix of accounts you have, such as revolving and installment.
New credit: (10 percent) -- Your pursuit of new credit, including credit inquiries and number of recently opened accounts.
Personal or demographic information such as age, race, address, marital status, income and employment don't affect the score.
Different score impact for same missteps
How much does a specific change affect a credit score? The answer is usually "it depends," and for good reason. Credit score developers don't reveal the exact point deductions. The weight of any given activity can also vary for different credit histories. You might want to review all your spending and the way you handle your credit card to get a high credit scoring.