Most new runners at some time have an injury. Most injuries involve the lower limb, inparticular but not exclusively shin, the knee and feet. Other harms can contain the hip and lower back, but the 5 most common in runners are the following:
Patello-femoral joint pain (PFJP)
Patello-femoral joint pain (PFJP) or anterior knee pain affects 30% of all runners and is among the best five problems presenting to runners. This is a result of a multitude of factors which can be related to the running or issues with the knee.
The patella bone itself and its surrounding tissues can cause problems in runners. Muscles could be shaky (mainly because of muscle imbalance), the patella shape perhaps abnormal, the alignment of the patella may be strange, damage to the surrounding inactive tissues around it (retinaculum), abnormal alignment of the leg and foot misalignment during jogging are just a couple of causes of PFJP.
The jogging itself can also exacerbate the problems, although all of the above could be baffling. Changes in training systems, being the most common, including a change in the frequency, duration, and intensity can flare up PFJP. Changes in shoe wear, camber, and timing of changes in training are other examples.
Symptoms normally are localized anterior knee pain, very rarely is pain felt at sides or the back of the knee.
Treatment options include rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy, joint injection, surgery and correction of the aggravating factor.
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS)
The ilitibial band is a muscle down the outer side of the leg and at times this band clashes on a piece of bone/fatpad only above the knee. Especially, the outer knee pain impacts runners 3-5cm over the knee itself. Again, there are several variables which could bring on this kind of knee pain. This consists of poor alignment of legs, muscular imbalance, weakness of specific muscle groups or an aggravating factor like changes in the jogging style or training, involving the running itself.
The pain is normally sharp and worsens with continued jogging. At times, most runners have to stop because the pain is really sharp. This particular harm can also affect cyclists. Again, the constant bending and straightening of the knee causes clashes the ITB.
Treatment of ITBS usually involves rest and anti inflammatory drugs. Physiotherapy calls for strengthening of several different muscle groups, ultrasound treatment, massage, stretching and mobilisations of the soft tissue. The other thing would be to identify the cause, which again is usually related to a change in frequency, the duration or intensity of the run. Again, change in running routine, change in show wear, camber should also be examined.
Achilles tendon injuries
The Achilles tendon is the powerhouse for runners and sprinters. It can account for up to 20% of all injuries that are running. It is a continuation of the calf muscle, and the most powerful tendon in the body as it inserts in the back of the heel bone. To get alternative ways to look at it, we know you have a view at: visit my website. Pain is generally situated at the muscular-tendonal junction in many runners (the site at which the calf muscle itself converts into tendon that is typically half way down the rear of the leg.