Modelling and evaluating municipal solid waste management strategies in a mega-city: The case of Ho Chi Minh City
Jacqueline M Bloemhof-Ruwaard2
Joost CL van Buuren3
Jack GAJ van der Vorst2
Wim H Rulkens3
1Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2Operations Research and Logistics, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
3Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Le ThiKimOanh, Van Lang University, 45 Nguyen KhacNhu, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Email: lethikimoanhatvanlanguni.edu.vn
Ho Chi Minh City is a large city that will become a mega-city in the near future. The city struggles with a rapidly increasing
flow of municipal solid waste and a foreseeable scarcity of land to continue landfilling, the main treatment of municipal
solid waste up to now. Therefore, additional municipal solid waste treatment technologies are needed. The objective of this
article is to support decision-making towards more sustainable and cost-effective municipal solid waste strategies in developing
countries, in particular Vietnam. A quantitative decision support model is developed to optimise the distribution of municipal
solid waste from population areas to treatment plants, the treatment technologies and their capacities for the near future
given available infrastructure and cost factors.
Declaration of conflicting interests The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.