. Lately, various small-molecule inhibitors of B cell
activation happen to be reported. As an example, CGI-1746 is really a
small-molecule BTK inhibitor that blocks BCR-dependent B
cell proliferation and decreases autoantibody ranges in colla-
Dasatinib is often a small-molecule kinase
inhibitor using a broad array of targets that involves SYK and
The two STAT inhibitor ABT-263 Omecamtiv mecarbil SYK and BTK are downstream effectors of BCR activation (see Fig. 1). Indeed, dasatinib is reported to
inhibit calcium release and PI3K activation in response to
BCR crosslinking in persistent lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells.
Additionally, dasatinib inhibits the release of hista-
mine from human principal basophils as well as secretion of pro-
inflammatory cytokines in immune cells.
class of small-molecule inhibitors is reported to inhibit B cell
signaling, also by way of a BTK-dependent mechanism; displays
efficacy in the rheumatoid arthritis model; and it is at present in
Small-molecule inhibitors of B cell activation
that target effectors downstream of BTK and Ca
incorporate BMS-587101. BMS-587101 is surely an LFA-1 small-
molecule antagonist that in vitro inhibits LFA-1-mediated
adhesion of T cells to endothelial cells and blocks subsequent
T cell activation.
Importantly, BMS-587101 protects mice
against irritation and bone destruction within a collagen-
induced arthritis research.
Collectively, these data assistance tar-
geting pathways associated with B cell activation for the possible
therapy of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.
In this research, we designed an EPIC-based phenotypic
platform to assess B cell activation, with LFA-1/ICAM-1
adhesion getting the endpoint readout. We demonstrate that
the EPIC platform can STAT inhibitor ABT-263 Omecamtiv mecarbil detect modifications in B cell adhesion to
ICAM-1-coated plates triggered by stimulation with the BCR
and/or CD40R. In contrast, the FLIPR assay was unable to
detect CD40R-mediated improvements in calcium flux underneath
these experimental problems. Importantly, using a seriesof pharmacological equipment, we are able to block B cell activation in
each the EPIC and FLIPR platforms. Whereas the FLIPR assay
is actually amenable to HTS, the EPIC label-free technological innovation pro-
vides a complementary platform that measures B cell activa-
tion from a holistic point of view.
To our expertise, this really is the
initial report working with the EPIC technological innovation as a phenotypic
screening platform to measure LFA-1/ICAM-1 adhesion as
a readout for B cell activation.Elements and Methods
The Ramos B cells and RL B cells were bought through the
American Variety Culture collections (ATCC, Rockville, MD).
Goat anti-IgM (immunoglobulin M) was bought from Acris
Antibodies (San Diego, CA) and Southern Biotech
(Birmingham, AL). The STAT inhibitor ABT-263 Omecamtiv mecarbil rhICAM-1/Fc chimer as well as the human
CD40/TNFRSF5 antibody have been bought from R & D
Systems (Minneapolis, MN). Recombinant human mega
CD40L was purchased from Enzo Life Sciences (Farmingdale,
NY). The neutralizing anti-CD40L antibody (Anti-hCD40L-
IgA) was obtained from InvivoGen (San Diego, CA). Hank��s
balanced salt solutio