However, the DAPSI(W)R approach (Fig. 2) suggests that, while State Changes and Impacts (on societal Welfare) together represent the changes to the natural and human receiving environment, the causes from direct human interaction with the environment are clearly represented not just by Responses (via the linked sequence of Drivers, Activities and Pressures) but by Activities themselves. Hence, not only management (i.e. the Responses) should be considered when assessing sustainability through the application of the 10-tenets but also those Activities (for example estuarine port developments) responsible for producing the Pressures. In this context it Delanzomib is axiomatic that environmental management is not really managing the environment but rather managing human behaviour.
2.3. Application of the 10-tenets
2.3.1. Initial considerations
The 10-tenets, having been originally conceived as a check-list for measures developed to address State Change and Impacts, can also be used to address Activities (e.g. infrastructure development) arising from socio-economic Drivers. Whilst not significantly changing their fundamental intent, consideration of the 10-tenets in exine way (i.e. in relation to both the ‘Pressure’ and the ‘Response’) requires that the tenets be reworded slightly from their initial form and applied separately at two points in the DAPSI(W)R model – the Activities and the management Responses (Table 2).