Recently with the new paradigm shift in the energy

Recently, with the new paradigm shift in the PF-04457845 sector, and the impositions for a gradual reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, producers are faced with delivering electricity using clean energy sources, in competitive deregulated electricity markets [1] and [2].
In this context, wind power sources have had the biggest jump in exploration and implementation within the electricity grid [3] and [4], in comparison with other clean energy technologies [5]. This worldwide expansion of wind energy has occurred due to the ratio between production and implementation costs, maintenance costs, the maturity of technology, and increasing production capacity [6]. However, due to the stochastic characteristic of wind power sources [7], [8] and [9], its integration is responsible for the introduction of more variability, volatility, and uncertainty in system operation, which complicates the proper management of all production sources [10] and [11].
The behavior of wind farms depends on the quality and variation of wind speed, the weather conditions, total wind power capacity connected to the electricity grid, scheduled maintenance [12] and [13], and the wind power acceptance in electrical framework when it is available [14].