Polycarbonate production from CO2 feedstock.FeedstockTemperature (°C)Pressure (atm)Time (h)Yield of carbonate (%)CatalystsRef.Cyclic carbonates803.4391MCM-41Propylene oxide6015–201083Zinc glutarateCyclo hexane oxide809.6453Double metal cyanidePolypropylene oxide801.7199Co(salen) complexStyrene carbonate120–1401.17682Double metal cyanidePropylene oxide403244Cobalt/Schiff ZSTK474 complexesFull-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV
Biomass production; Dedicated energy crops; Market participation; Network analysis; Residues
Despite the strong role of individual biomass producers in emergence of a robust and sustainable bioenergy market, relatively little research exists on what drives their participation . And despite a recognition of a wide degree of producer heterogeneity , there have also been few comparative analyses of drivers of bioenergy market participation across different producer groups  and . These absences are all the more conspicuous in light of the large contributions bioenergy is projected to play in the U.S. and E.U. economies and the wide array of policies and incentives targeted to increasing their production and use . Compilation of the lessons learned from the existing body of work is a necessary and timely exercise, and is therefore the focus of endodermis review and analysis.