Acne, a nightmare for any cara menghilangkan jerawat generation nowadays. From easy and beautiful facial skin becomes dirty spots that tarnish the wonder that suppose to be possessed by any individual.
So what actually is acne? Acne comes from greek term "acme" or "a prime of life". It really is a lesion in the gland (a.k.a. sebum gland or oily gland) of locks follicle. The normal sites of acne are encounter, earlobe, back, upper body, and anogenital area. However the facial acne is specially a nuisance for a person as it may be the most visible one.
Even though sebaceous gland is responsible for acne, it also holds certain functions. It features to secrete sebum which composed from triglyceride, fatty acid, wax esters, and sterols. This sebum is normally responsible to lubricate the skin, prevent crack of the skin and to cool down skin during hot weather.
How does sebaceous gland causing pimples? The changes happen during acne started with increase in sebum secretions. Then the keratin lining of sebaceous duct will get thickened and forms or dark spots (or white areas). The change of colour of comedone is due to melanin. As the sebum secretions upsurge in amount, a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes proliferates inside the sebum. After that, swelling will happen around the sebaceous gland and produce acne. Basically, the main culprit that is causing acne is increase in sebum secretion.
So what causing the increase in sebum secretions? There are few factors behind boost sebum secretions includes hormonal aspect, water retention, dietary habit, season adjustments, exogenous factor, and medications.
Hormonal factor plays a significant role in sebum secretions as increase in androgen (male hormone) will cause increase in sebaceous glands size which increase the quantity of its secretions. This clarifies why the male adolescent is definitely more common to get acne compared to adolescent girls.
Fluid retention particularly during premenstrual period leads to increase hydration and swelling of sebaceous duct. This explains why there is definitely exacerbation of acne during the premenstrual period. After that sweating also makes acne worse because of same mechanism.
Dietary habits of consuming chocolate, nuts, fizzy drinks or coffee worsen acne problems. However the exact mechanism on how these food types causing acne has yet to be determined.
Acne often improves with organic sunlight and it is worse during winter season. The Ultraviolet light thought to improves acne however the efficacy of the UV light treatment is unpredictable. Exogenous exposure to oils (particularly common in cooks in sizzling kitchen) has known to worsen acne. Exogenous contact with coal tar, dicophane (DDT), and polychlorinated biphenols also has known to worsen acne.
Some medications also can worsen acne. These medications consist of corticosteroids (both systemic and topical), androgen and combined oral contraceptive pills (COCP). Check with the doctor who prescribed the medication if acne problems arise from using these medications.