Elements Of Interior Design

Whether you will work with model baju batik kantor furnishings and fabrics or starting from scratch with a clear room, you should always use the elements and principles of design as a guide in choosing everything. The elements are your tools or raw materials, much like paints are the essentials to a painter. The components of design include space, line, form, color, and texture. The concepts of design relate with how you utilize these elements and are balance, , rhythm, proportion and scale, and harmony and unity.

Element #1: Space
Space defines the boundaries and sets the limits on the functional and ornamental actions you can take. Usually you won't determine the space; instead, you will be faced with the challenge of using the existing space effectively.

Element #2: Line
The lines in an area are second only to color in importance when it comes to setting the overall mood or of a room. The lines of window fashions should support the dominant line of the room. Generally in most situations, the dominant series is straight (vertical, horizontal or diagonal) rather than curved. The selection of emphasizing the direction of lines will determine the feeling you want to create.
Vertical lines add height and dignity, creating a far more formal atmosphere. Vertical lines also balance the horizontal lines found in most furniture.
Horizontal lines tend to generate a restful, informal feeling. They work well in casual rooms or as relief to the strong verticals of formal rooms.
Diagonal lines attract attention and lead the eye. They could be disturbing unless supported by verticals or opposing diagonals.
Curved lines add a softening effect and keep carefully the room from becoming as well stiff. Make use of curved lines with some restraint to keep the room from becoming too smooth and overly feminine.

Element #3: Form
Lines that join collectively produce the form, or form, of an object, which impacts the overall feeling of a room. Straight lines make rectangles, square and triangles. Curved lines type circles and ovals. The rectangle is the most popular form and is usually the dominant shape in an area. Triangles provide balance and curved designs soften the contours of objects.

Element #4: Color
More than any other element, color can make a room beautiful. Color can set the mood. It can make a room warmer or cooler, larger or smaller. It can conceal unsightly features or call attention to the center of interest. Even with the simplest furnishings, the proper use of color can transform a room.

Element #5: Texture
Texture is playing an increasingly important role in decorating. Visual texture is a materials apparent smoothness or roughness. To keep and enhance an informal feeling, use fabrics that are more heavily textured, nubby or rough visible texture. Smooth, shiny surfaces such as silk, moir, chintz and silk-like looks support a more formal feeling in a room. Using several degrees of complementary textures adds variety and maintains interest. However, it is a good idea to avoid dramatic contrasts in texture.