Since 1950s, the kiln sites of the Five Dynasties were discovered at Huangnitou, Baihuwan, Shengmeiting, and Hutian of Jingdezhen, and a large number of shards were unearthed. These findings prove that R-406 the beginning of porcelain making in Jingdezhen can be at least be dated back to the Five Dynasties  and . From 2012 to 2013, Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Jingdezhen Municipal Institute of Ceramic Archeology and other units excavated at Nan Kiln site, located in Nanyao Village, Jiedu Town, Leping City of Jingdezhen and Lingtian Kiln, located in Lantian Village, Xianghu Town, Fuliang County of Jingdezhen.
But, what are the processing features of Nan Kiln and Lantian Kiln, respectively? Is there any inheritance relationship between the two? Were organs influenced by Yue Kiln or Changsha Kiln? These are the points at issue. Therefore, with the support of Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Jingdezhen Municipal Institute of Ceramic Archeology, this paper comparatively analyzes the chemical composition and the firing temperatures of the celadon aforementioned. It aims to provide scientific evidence to understand the processing features, development and influence of early Jingdezhen celadon, shedding light on the development history of Jingdezhen celadon.