Whether you are working with existing model baju batik kantor and fabrics or beginning with scratch with an empty room, you should always utilize the elements and principles of design as a guide in choosing everything. The elements are your tools or raw materials, much like paints will be the essentials to a painter. The components of design include space, line, type, color, and texture. The concepts of design relate with how you use these elements and are balance, emphasis, rhythm, proportion and scale, and harmony and unity.
Element #1: Space
Space defines the and sets the limitations on the functional and ornamental actions you can take. Usually you will not determine the space; instead, you will be faced with the challenge of using the existing space effectively.
Element #2: Line
The lines in a room are only to color in importance when it comes to setting the overall mood or feeling of an area. The lines of windows fashions should support the dominant type of the room. Generally in most situations, the dominant line is straight (vertical, horizontal or diagonal) instead of curved. Your choice of emphasizing the path of lines will determine the mood you want to create.
Vertical lines add elevation and dignity, creating a far more formal atmosphere. Vertical lines also balance the horizontal lines within most furniture.
Horizontal lines tend to create a restful, informal feeling. They work well in casual rooms or as relief to the solid verticals of formal rooms.
Diagonal lines attract attention and lead the eye. They could be disturbing unless backed by verticals or opposing diagonals.
Curved lines add a softening effect and keep carefully the room from becoming too stiff. Use curved lines with some restraint to keep the room from becoming too smooth and overly feminine.
Element #3: Form
Lines that join collectively produce the form, or shape, of an object, which in turn impacts the entire feeling of an area. Straight lines create rectangles, square and triangles. Curved lines form circles and ovals. The rectangle may be the most popular type and is usually the dominant shape in a room. Triangles provide stability and curved shapes soften the contours of objects.
Element #4: Color
More than any other element, color can make a room beautiful. Color can set the mood. It can make an area warmer or cooler, larger or smaller. It can hide unsightly features or call attention to the center of interest. Even with the simplest furnishings, the proper use of color can transform an area.
Element #5: Texture
Texture is playing an increasingly important role in decorating. Visual texture is a components apparent smoothness or roughness. To keep up and enhance a casual feeling, use materials that are more heavily textured, nubby or rough visual texture. Smooth, shiny surfaces such as silk, moir, chintz and silk-like looks support a far more formal feeling in a room. Using several levels of complementary textures adds variety and maintains interest. However, it is smart to avoid dramatic contrasts in consistency.