Mixture proportioning of SCMs.LabelCement (kg/m3)FA (kg/m3)Nano SiO2 (kg/m3)Nano Fe2O3 (kg/m3)Nano CuO (kg/m3)Water (kg/m3)Sand (kg/m3)SP (kg/m3)Control52517500028012104.21NS51817570028011983.72NS5111751400280118743NS5041752100280117644NS497175280028011644.15NS490175350028011534.21NF51817507028011983.52NF511175014028011873.53NF5041750210280117644NF4971750280280116445NF4901750350280115341NC51817500728011983.72NC511175001428011873.93NC5041750021280117644NC497175002828011644.55NC490175003528011534.5Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV
2.3. Production of specimens
It is likely that EQKLISEEDL nanoparticles may not show a uniform distribution in the mixture due to their large surface area . As Chrysophytes could directly affect the physical and mechanical properties of the mortars, the specimen production procedure used in this study was finalized after several preliminary experiments according to the following:1.Cement and sand mixed for a minute with ordinary speed (80 rpm).2.FA and 30% of the mixing water accompany by nanoparticles was added and mixed for an additional minute with high speed (120 rpm).3.The mixture was allowed to rest for 90 s.4.SP with remaining water was added and mixed for 2 min.