Different growth has been observed for

Characteristics of raw oil palm empty Afatinib bunch biomass.AnalysisThis studyLiterature referencesProximate (%)aMoisture8.31 (±0.28)6.36–8.75(Abdullah and Gerhauser, 2008, Omar et?al., 2011, Sugumaran and Seshadri, 2009 and Xu et?al., 2011)Ash6.45 (±0.02)2.8–7.54(Abdullah and Gerhauser, 2008, Konsomboon et?al., 2011, Omar et?al., 2011, Sugumaran and Seshadri, 2009, Sun et?al., 1999 and Xu et?al., 2011)Volatiles67.59 (±1.15)67.5–83.86(Abdullah and Gerhauser, 2008, Konsomboon et?al., 2011, Omar et?al., 2011, Sugumaran and Seshadri, 2009 and Xu et?al., 2011)Fixed carbonb19.658.6–18.3Ultimate (% dry, ash free)aC44.03 (±1.00)40.7–71H6.4 (±0.16)5.4–9.2Ob47.7510.6–47.8N1.65 (±0.27)0–4(Abdullah and Gerhauser, 2008, Konsomboon Quaternary Period et?al., 2011, Omar et?al., 2011 and Xu et?al., 2011)S0.17 (±0.02)0–1.2Lignocellulose content (wt %)Cellulose38.73 (±4.28)23.7–62.9(Law et?al., 2007, Omar et?al., 2011, Sugumaran and Seshadri, 2009 and Sun et?al., 1999)Hemi cellulose19.55 (±2.51)2.06–30.9Lignin21.00 (±6.19)14.2–29.2Higher heating value (HHV) (MJ/kg)c17.74 (±1.40)16.96–19.35(Abdullah and Gerhauser, 2008, Konsomboon et?al., 2011, Omar et?al., 2011 and Sugumaran and Seshadri, 2009)aDry basis.bBy difference.cIdris et al. (2015).Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV