Comparison between the performance of TFC and TFN membranes

Comparison between VX-765 performance of TFC and TFN membranes prepared from different types of nanofillers.MembraneZeoliteAluminosilicate SWNTsMCM-41 SiO2 NPsaWork of Jeong et al. (2007)bWork of Lind et al. (2009)cWork of Fathizadeh et al. (2011)dWork of Baroña et al. (2013)eWork of Yin and Deng (2014)NaA loadingFluxRNaClLTA loadingFluxRNaClNaX loadingFluxRNaClLoadingFluxRNaClLoadingFluxRNaCl(w/v%)(m Pa−1 s−1)(%)(w/v%)(μ s−1)(%)(w/v%)(L m−2 h−1)(%)(w/v%)(L m−2 h−1)(%)(w/v%)(L m−2 h−1)(%)TFC–2.1 × 10−12∼93.0–∼23.5∼88–8.32∼94–10.5∼95.6–28.598.1TFN (Type 1)0.004∼2.1 × 10−12–––0.004∼8.55––––––TFN (Type 2)0.01∼2.5 × 10−12–––0.01∼10.90.05∼14∼96.20.01∼39∼97.8TFN (Type 3)0.1∼3.15 × 10−120.2∼25.9∼900.04∼11.30.1∼19∼96.10.146.6∼97.7TFN (Type 4)0.43.8 × 10−12–––0.214.60.224.6∼96.2–––aSolution properties during IP process = Aqueous (w/v): 2% MPD, Hexane (w/v): 0.1% TMC and NaA. Testing conditions = 12.4 bar and 2000 ppm NaCl.bSolution properties during IP process = Aqueous (w/v): 2.5% MPD, 6.6% TEACSA, 0.02% SLS and 20% IPA, Isopar (w/v): 0.1% TMC and 0.2% LTA (200 nm). Testing conditions = 15.5 bar and 2000 ppm NaCl.cSolution properties during IP process = Aqueous (w/v): 2% MPD, Hexane (w/v): 0.1% TMC and NaX. Testing conditions = 12 bar and 2000 ppm NaCl.dSolution properties during IP process = Aqueous (w/v): 2% MPD, Hexane (w/v): 0.01% TMC and transforming factor aluminosilicate SWNTs. Testing conditions = 16 bar and 2000 ppm NaCl.eSolution properties during IP process = Aqueous (w/v): 2% MPD, Hexane (w/v): 0.15% TMC and MCM-41. Testing conditions = ∼20.7 bar and 2000 ppm NaCl.Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV