Fig xA Percentage of a habitat specialist species

Statistics of the multiplicative partitioning analysis of both species richness and Shannon diversity of AZD1981 recorded in five 10-km transects per farming sub-area in spring and winter 2009. The p values were obtained from 10,000 permutations to form a null distribution of each diversity component at each spatial scale. γ-diversity (i.e., γwhole-region) is decomposed into within transects (α1), among transects (β1), within farming sub-areas (α2), and among farming sub-areas (β2) components in forms of effective number of species (see the main text for further explanations).SpringWinterObs. valueExp. valueZ valuepObs. valueExp. valueZ valuepSpecies richnessα15.658.13−11.66<0.0015.307.34−10.98<0.001α212.2513.71−3.99<0.00111.2512.22−2.780.014β12.191.708.18<0.0012.131.677.52<0.001β21.311.184.41<0.0011.331.232.960.014γwhole-region16.0016.000.001.0015.0015.000.001.00Shannon diversityα13.835.66−12.73<0.0013.494.64−11.36<0.001α25.307.35−15.67<0.0014.995.55−7.14<0.001β11.371.302.310.0251.431.2010.07<0.001β21.461.0521.70<0.0011.161.047.94<0.001γwhole-region7.757.750.001.005.775.770.001.00Obs. xylem and Exp. represents observed and expected values, respectively.Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV