Purmorphamine The measured average concentrations of acetic acid butyric acid and

Low propionic production pathway were observed during the entire APBR operation representing the consumption of 6.3% from the THP. On the other hand, the measured hydrogen flow rate represented only 12.8% of the THP, indicating the need to minimize the distribution of electrons (i.e., decrease the amount of intermediates). However, this task can be quite difficult because the composition of the vinasse is highly complex. According to Eq.