A national assessment framework that enables parallel recording of vegetation condition and management practices would be useful for several Australian natural resource management and reporting frameworks; for example the National Environmental Accounts of Australia (Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, 2008), the State of Environment Report (State of the Environment Committee, 2011), and the State of the Forest Report (MPIG AND NFISC, 2013). Models for such a framework have been developed for the national environmental accounting system by the Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists (2008) and for SB 205384 services by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Both models acknowledge that land management practices are used to deliberately modify the function of an ecosystem by manipulating an ecosystem\'s structure, composition and function affecting the delivery of ecosystem services (e.g. water availability, food production, wood supply, wildlife populations) (Yapp et al., 2010). These assessment frameworks help identify the key elements of a system for accounting and monitoring vegetation condition (Fig. 1):(i)changes in climatic and hydrological conditions, land ownership and regulation and the occurrence of extreme events (background and contextual),(ii)land use and management histories (human effects), and(iii)changes in attributes and indicators of biodiversity (vegetation responses).