Why the moral stance behind satire remains implicit so often is dictated by the satiric method, which in turn is necessitated by the structure and nature of social corruption. All, all look up, with reverential Awe, On crimes that scape, or triumph o'er the Law: While Truth, Worth, Wisdom, daily they decry-- 'Nothing is Sacred now but villainy.' It comes from Latin satura ‘poetic medley’ later used in the modern sense, while where the Greeks got the term for the goatish satyrs Late Middle English is not known. Bloom, Edward and Lillian Bloom. Satire, n. So even the pun can be used satirically, and surely has been, though in my limited reading I have been unable to locate an Augustan example. By such overstatement, the reader is to understand that he has probably allowed a few too many failings in himself or other men to go by unnoticed, and henceforth he must adjure himself to pull in the reins a bit. He says of himself in “Epistle to Dr. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1963.
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Derived.y.mplication.rom.his.orrective.urpose,.he.heme.f.atire.ust.e the maintenance of standards, the reaffirmation of values, and the necessity of reform. When the reader is aggressed, he must be moved to change or correct himself by embarrassment for or shock at recognition of his guilt: his crimes must be presented in such a way that they appear truly odious to him, bringing about a willing change as opposed to the forceful change of the knave. Waingrow, Marshall. AI, where the narrator is discussing the several “handles” by which a reader may be grasped: “Curiosity is one, and of all others, affords the firmest Grasp: Curiosity, that Spur in the side, that Bridle in the Mouth, that Ring in the nose, of a lazy, an impatient, and a grunting Reader.” Pope, “Epilogue” ll. 189-90, 197-204 And such, I think is the moral stance behind all satire, or at least that of the Augustan. The writer considers it his obligation to expose these vices for the betterment of humanity. The role of satire is to ridicule or criticize those vices in the society, which the writer considers a threat to civilization. Perhaps the very nature of the society that makes the satiric approach necessary precludes much hope for a great reformation; the cynicism that so frequently surfaces in satiric works surely shows that the writers had no delusions about returning paradise to earth through their efforts. TO VIRTUE ONLY and HER FRIENDS, A FRIEND The World beside may murmur, or commend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .