The soil was sampled in January and February to determine

The entire transect covers 500 m (away from the glacier front). At the 300 m point, soil samples with and without vegetation were collected at the same site, totaling eight soil samples with and eight soil samples without vegetation cover. These soil samples were air dried and passed through a sieve (2 mm) for GC/MS pyrolysis analyses. Soil subsamples of approximately 20 g were crushed in a mortar to pass a 250 μm mesh to determine total soil organic C, total N, labile C, and recalcitrant C.