You.ent,.ou saw, you heard: With Virtue fraught, Then spread hose Morals which the Houyhnhnms taught. Understatement is the converse of exaggeration and is useful in cases where the evil is already so great that it can scarcely be exaggerated. Ideally, of course, the satirist would like to see a return to the practice of morality which he feels has been abandoned by society; but he is aware that not only to stop the decay of civilization but also to reverse the trend of decay and to move toward a true moral progress is almost a futile attempt, because it calls for a complete moral regeneration of man, and such a regeneration is virtually impossible. Men's vices are a threat to the civilization in which the satirist lives, and the satirist feels compelled to expose those vices for the society's good and his own, in a way that will allow the ones attacked to comprehend and remember the attack, and to see a direction they may take for correction. Hugh Holman, eds., A Handbook to Literature. An obsolete kind of literary composition in which the vices and follies of the author's enemies were expounded with imperfect tenderness. people, 27 July 1981 Satire is a technique employed by writers to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual or a society by using humour, irony, exaggeration or ridicule. Envy must own, I live among the Great, No Pimp of Pleasure, and no Spy of State, With Eyes that pry not, Tongue that ne'er repeats, Fond to spread Friendships, but to cover Heats, To help who want, to forward who excel; This, all who know me, know; who love me, tell. . . . And here I must insert my favourite simile, again from Swift: “I conceive therefore, as to the Business of being Profound, that it is with Writers, as with Wells; A Person with good Eyes may see to the Bottom of the deepest, provided any Water be there; and, that often, when there is nothing in the World at the Bottom, besides Dryness and Dirt, tho' it be but a Garden and half under Ground, it shall pass, however, for wondrous Deep, upon no wiser a Reason that because it is wondrous Dark. Major English Writers of the Eighteenth Century.
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The.lanet.akes its name from the Roman god Saturn, the equivalent of Greek crocus or kronor, who had been the supreme god until Zeus dethroned him. Horace's satire and Jenson's epigram have proven similarly resistant to efforts at critical appreciation. Related: satire; sat iring. Thus Pope gives his opinion of the quality of Lord Harvey's veCse: Half Froth, half Venom, he spits himself abroad, In Puns, or politicos, or Tales, or Les, Or Spite, or Smut, or rhymes, or Blasphemies. It comes from Latin satura ‘poetic medley’ later used in the modern sense, while where the Greeks got the term for the goatish satyrs Late Middle English is not known. The satirist, therefore, will display his critical attitude and implicit morality through irony “Another Thing to be observed is, that there generally runs an Irony through the Thread of the whole Book. . . .,” Swift on Tale of a Tub, quoted in Pagliaro 333, often by creating a narrator who appears to be as much a hypocrite as the target of the work, but who exposes himself and the target by his lack of true perception or inability news anchor satire to hide his hypocrisy. The essential meaning of a satire is seldom if ever consistent with a literal interpretation, yet the literal interpretation is extremely important for what it says about the essential meaning, and about the target or audience which can be reached only in an indirect way. The satirist does not selfishly attack anyone who disagrees with him though there are exceptions; rather he undertakes to oppose evil because it is evil, without consideration of whose evil it is or against whom it was perpetrated: And must no Egg in Japhet's Face be thrown, Because the Deed he Borg'd was not my own? Note how effective it is in the third and fifth lines of this quote from “Rape of the Lock: Canto II”: Whether the Nymph shall break Diana's Law, Or some frail China Jar receives a Flaw, Or stain her Honour, or her new Brocade Forget her Pray'rs, or miss a Masquerade, Or lose her Heart, or Necklace, at a Ball; Or whether head'n has doom'd that Shock must fall.