Fraudulence has been defined in many ways depending on where it is being used. The general idea around the term is negative and is often used interchangeably with deceitfulness or trickery. The extremity of a fraudulent act ranges from being a mere prank to risking a life. In the field of medicine, health and wellness, it can result to the latter.
World Health Organization (WHO) has first used the term counterfeit to the production of counterfeit medicines. Nowadays, the use of the term fraudulent had incited numerous complaints and arguments. Debates over it have shown that other parties have considered the term to be an intellectual property, referring solely to falsely packaged products that violate trademarks regardless of the content. WHO has firmly emphasized that the organization is not only after people who steal labels. The content or the lack of it is their primary concern as it can directly harm those who are taking it. Hence, the term fraudulent is also used to describe the falsified ingredient used in the production of medicines.
During the first years of its establishment, The Peterson Group, a non-profit organization campaigning against the proliferation of counterfeit medicines across the world, has had a few conducted surveys on the increasing number of fraudulent medicines circulating in less developed countries, some developing nations and a few leading regions. In its most recent survey, the number of manufacturers in China rank first in five consecutive years. With the help of authorities, more than 50 local organizations, most composed of small group of people are caught in Beijing manufacturing fake Viagra. In Jakarta, Indonesia, tools and high end technological equipment used to produce Tamiflu was found in a dilapidated building in Kota. Similar operations were held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and suburbs of Bangkok, Thailand. Not only are the labels of large pharmaceutical companies being counterfeited, the ingredients found in the medicines are far from being medicinal. Chalks, paint, beeswax, etcetera are being used as substitute for the real chemicals.
It may or may not be true that the United Nations (UN) and WHO which have taken different countermeasures over the years already improved on the drug falsification control. The efforts of many nations to defeat fraudulence in their own boundaries have been the focus of each region. It can also be said that WHO had been predominating in its role of prevention of counterfeit/falsified/fraudulent medicines but it stresses the need for more intergovernmental actions.