The 1972 World Chess Championship

In 1972, the American chess grandmaster, Robert James Fischer, won the right to play a match against Boris Spassky for the World Chess Championship in Reykjavik, Iceland. He was in an unusual position for an American.

Bobby Fischer with sculptor. Photo byPavao Cajzek.

Soviet vs. American Chess

The soviets used winning athletic competitions to show communisms superiority. Chess was no different. Chess was a national pastime in Soviet Russia and the soviets. They saw their chess advantage as evidence of intellectual and cultural superiority and dominance over the United States. Winning international chess competitions was a big thing for them. Soviet Russia had a great num