There are two kinds of rights - positive and negative rights. Philosophers and political scientists define positive rights as obliging someone to accomplish something. Negative rights, on the other hand, require others to stop doing something to someone.
An example of Positive Right is a woman who sued her health insurance company because it would not pay for her plastic surgery. The woman argued that the insurers refusal to pay denied her right to a happy life.
An example of Negative Right would be: Two legislators who lost in the reelection because of negative write-ups ran by a newspaper. The former legislators argued that the newspaper interfered with their right to hold of