Parallel hematoxylin and eosin staining con firmed the information on mitotic cells morphologically and pericentrin distinct indirect immunofluorescence confirmed the presence of Aurora A linked supernu selleck chemicals merary centrosomes. To specify the former flow cytometric analyses, which only offered information on the complete amount of G2 M phase cells, the mitotic index was evaluated in indirect immunofluorescence examination of Aurora A and nuclear staining. For each cell line no less than one hundred cells were counted in 3 independent experiments. This uncovered the highest mitotic index in OE21, followed by OE33, OE19, Kyse 410 and EPC hTERT cells. Similarly, the occurrence of multipolar mitoses was assessed by quantifying indirect immunofluorescence analysis of Aurora A and nuclear stainings.
For this, in just about every cell line no less than 80 mitoses were counted in three independent experiments. Aurora A favourable multipolar mitoses have been most regular in OE33 followed by OE21 and Kyse 410 cells. OE19 cells at the same time as EPC hTERT cells, if any, only had single Aur ora A good multipolar mitoses. Presence of supernu merary centrosomes in these multipolar mitoses was confirmed by pericentrin staining. These data recommend that similarly high Aurora A expression alone is inadequate to induce prominent Temozolomide multipolar mitoses in aneuploid esophageal cancer cells. Distinct p53 mutations contribute to multipolar mitoses in esophageal cancer cells In view on the purpose of p53 in post mitotic cell cycle management, centrosome duplication and Aurora A interac tion likewise as its regular mutation in eso phageal carcinogenesis, we next determined p53 mutation status, p53 protein expression and intracellular localization within the manage EPC hTERT cell line and inside the four esophageal cancer cell lines.
The handle EPC hTERT cells exhibited a wild style p53 sequence and showed weak p53 protein expression in immunoblot and indirect immunofluores cence examination. This wild sort p53 protein was situated while in the cytoplasm of EPC hTERT cells. In contrast, all ESCC and BAC cell lines displayed p53 mutations, OE21 cells exhibited p53 muta tions in exon 4, which introduce a halt codon in the N terminus on the p53 core domain. The p53 protein of OE21 cells lacks nearly the entire DNA binding domain, the tetrameriza tion domain plus the excessive C terminus. This protein, if in any respect becoming expressed, is most likely non functional since almost all domains are missing, together with the Aurora A interaction web-sites Serine 215 and 315. Without a doubt, immuno blot evaluation did not detect this largely truncated p53 protein and immunofluorescence showed only HTC weak and rather diffusely localized p53 staining in OE21 cells. Kyse 410 cells displayed a level mutation in exon 10 of the tetramerization domain.