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Electrolyte, as a crucial element of electrochemical capacitor, has fantastic influence on the electrochemical properties of electrochemical capacitors [13�C23]. A terrific amount of functions studied the influence of supporting acid electrolytes on PANI from electrochemical polymerization as being a single electrode Ellagic acid of the electrochemical capacitor in past years [17, 24], whilst there best is number of operate for your PANI from chemical polymerization.As a result, on this investigation, we prepared globular sponge-like PANI grain by chemical approaches and studied the electrochemical behaviors of PANI powder being a single electrode of electrochemical capacitor in 1MHCl and 1MH2SO4.2. Experimental2.1.



MaterialsAmmonium persulfate (APS, (NH4)2S2O8), HCl, H2SO4, ethyl alcohol, and aniline were purchased from Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Corporation (Beijing, China); Polytetrafluoroethylene emulsion (PTFE, 60%) and acetylene black had been purchased from MTI Corporation (Hefei, China). All the chemical reagents above are in analytical grade. Each of the chemicals have been utilized as obtained.Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR, VERTEX70), scanning electron microscope (SEM, Nova 400 NanoSEM by FEI enterprise, America). Electrochemical workstation (CHI660d), carbon paper, platinum filament electrode (CHI115) and saturated calomel electrode (CHI150) were purchased from CH Instruments Enterprise (Shanghai, China). two.two. FTIRThe chemical framework with the ready powder soon after polymerization was characterized making use of FTIR spectra (Spectra a single, PE Corporation, USA) in the range from 4000cm?1 to 400cm?one (KBr pellet).

2.three.

SEMThe surface micromorphology with the PANI powder was characterized by SEM.two.4. Preparation of PANI and PANI Single ElectrodesThe 25mL 1MHCl and 2.3mL aniline have been successively additional to a three-neck flask. The mixed option was stirred for 1h under space temperature, after which the oxidant (25mL, 1M Torin 1 1222998-36-8ammonium persulphate) was dropped gradually into the flask. The mole ratio of ammonium persulphate (APS) to aniline was one:one. Soon after sustaining stir for 6h, the black-green reactive goods have been filtered and washed repeatedly with distilled water till the pH value was about 6. The PANI powder was then dried in an oven underneath vacuum at 80��C for 48h.The PANI single electrode was produced utilizing a mixture of 90wt% PANI powder (active materials), 5wt% acetylene black (conductive powder), and 5wt% PTFE binders in ethyl alcohol dispersant to kind the slurry with right viscosity.



The slurry of the mixture was then painted onto a carbon paper just after weighing which was employed as latest collector. Then the electrodes were dried in an oven under vacuum at 80��C for 24h.2.5. Electrochemical Measurement of PANI Single ElectrodesElectrochemical performances of PANI electrodes had been measured by charge/discharge system within the potential window of 0~0.6V (SCE) and continuous recent densities of 0.