One way that verbalizations can become more salient

This work stimulated the development of ABMT, often using a modified visual probe paradigm (MacLeod, Rutherford, Campbell, Ebsworthy, & Holker, 2002) which trains threat avoidance by pairing threat-neutral stimuli followed by the visual probe appearing at the location of the neutral stimulus. Earlier studies found that SAG ABMT-threat avoidance altered attention to threat stimuli and decreased anxiety symptoms (e.g., Amir et?al., 2009, Amir et?al., 2009, Amir and Taylor, 2012, Amir et?al., 2008, Hazen et?al., 2009 and See et?al., 2009), with meta-analyses indicating significant effects in adults relative to placebo (see Hakamata et?al., 2010, Hallion and Ruscio, 2011, Linetzky et?al., 2015 and Mogoase et?al., 2014). However, mixed findings have accumulated (e.g., Behar et?al., 2010, Eldar and Bar-Haim, 2010, Julian et?al., 2012, McNally et?al., 2013, Neubauer et?al., 2013, Rapee et?al., 2013 and Van Bockstaele et?al., 2010). Consequently, meta-analyses have raised questions about the consistency of ABMT effects (Cristea, Kok, & Cuijpers, 2015). On the other hand, others have argued geotropism positive outcomes are reliably observed when evidence of the successful modification of threat bias is demonstrated (MacLeod & Clarke, 2015).