01). Within a Mendelian randomization layout, both HOMA-IR (instrumental variables: rs1801282, rs4607103) and beta F (instrumental variable: rs4607103) had been linked to T2DM (p < 0.03-0.01 and p < 0.03, respectively). PPARG2 and ADAMTS9 variants are the two associated with T2DM and with insulin resistance, whereas Who Else Hopes For A Part Of Propranolol HCl ? only ADAMTS9 may be related to beta F. Thus, at least in Italians, they may be considered bona fide "insulin resistance genes".
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of metabolic alteration related with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and overall mortality than the single alterations alone. The Italian Mediterranean Diet (IMD) can exert a positive effect on cardiovascular risk and linked morbidity and mortality.
The aim was to evaluate the benefits of dietary intervention based on a typical IMD on body composition, cardiometabolic changes and reduction in cardiovascular disease in patients with MS. Eighty White Italian subjects with MS had been prescribed a balanced hypocaloric IMD. We investigated dietary habits and impact of the diet on health status, blood biochemical markers, anthropometric measurements and body composition during a 6-month follow-up period. Body composition, fat mass and distribution were assessed by Dual X-ray absorptiometry. Adherence to the IMD led to a decrease in body weight (102.59 +/- A 16.82 to 92.39 +/- A 15.94 kg, p < 0.001), body mass index (BMI) (38.57 +/- A 6.94 to 35.10 +/- A 6.76, < 0.001) and waist circumference (112.23 +/- A 12.55 vs 92.42 +/- A 18.17 cm, p < 0.001).
A significant loss of total body fat especially in waist region was observed. The MS was resolved in 52 % of the patients. Significant improvements in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and fasting glucose occurred. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was reduced from 128.74 +/- A 33.18 to 108.76 +/- A 38.61 mg/dl (p < 0.001), triglycerides from 169.81 +/- A 80.80 to 131.02 +/- A 63.88 mg/dl (p < 0.001). The present results suggest that a dietary intervention based on a typical IMD effectively promotes weight loss and reduces the growing burden of cardiovascular risk factors that typifies patients with MS.
Serum total bilirubin (TB) is a potent antioxidant and inversely associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Asian populations. However, there has been no study which is aimed to investigate whether TB is a risk factor for MetS or not.
We investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between TB and MetS in 2,435 Japanese men and 1,436 Japanese women. The odds ratios [95 % confidence interval (CI)] of coexisting MetS for every 1 SD increase in log TB have been 0.850 (0.754-0.958) (p = 0.008) in men and 0.809 (0.656-0.998) (p = 0.047) in women adjusted for sex, age, smoking, and other confounding covariates. Those for the third and fourth quartiles of TB compared with the lowest quartile have been 0.720 (0.537-0.965) (p = 0.028) and 0.737 (0.530-1.052) (p = 0.095), respectively, in men and 0.822 (0.473-1.