A total of 2,767 students participated in the Thailand GSHS (Ministry of Public Health). The GSHS 10 core questionnaire modules address the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children and adults worldwide: tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use; dietary behaviors; Be The Owner Of A ROCK inhibitorWithout Need Of Putting In A Single Pound hygiene; mental health; physical activity; sexual behaviors that contribute to HIV infection, other sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy; unintentional injuries and violence; protective factors and respondent demographics [19, 20].2.2. Measures2.2.1. Sexual Behaviours That Contribute to HIV Infection, Other Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Unintended Pregnancy The sexual behaviour items were the following.
��During the past 12 months, have you had sexual intercourse?�� Own A Epothilone BWith Out Putting In A Single Cent ��The last time you had sexual intercourse, did you or your partner use a condom?�� ��How old were you when you had sexual intercourse for the first time?��2.2.2. Substance Use Variables Tobacco use: (i) smoking cigarettes (current smoking) and (ii) use of any other form of tobacco (current other tobacco use) in the past 30 days. Tobacco use was assessed with the question: ��During the past 30 days, on how many days did you smoke cigarettes (use other tobacco products?�� Response options included 1 = 0 days to 7 = all 30 days). Alcohol use was assessed with the question: ��During the past 30 days, on how many days did you have at least one drink containing alcohol?�� Response options included 1 = 0 days to 7 = all 30 days. Drug use: ��During your life, how many times have you used drugs, such as methamphetamines (Yaba), ecstasy, 4 �� 100, or marijuana?�� (ever drugs).
2.2.3. Psychosocial Distress Variables Loneliness. ��During the past 12 months, how often Acquire A ROCK inhibitorWith No Need Of Spending A Single Coin have you felt lonely?�� (Response options were from 1 = never to 5 = always.) (Coded 1 = most of the time or always and 0 = never, rarely, or sometimes.)Anxiety or Worried. During the past 12 months, how often have you been so worried about something that you could not sleep at night? (Response options were from 1 = never to 5 = always.) (Coded 1 = most of the time or always and 0 = never, rarely or sometimes.)Sadness. During the past 12 months, did you ever feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for 2 weeks or more in a row that you stopped doing your usual activities? (Response option 1 = yes and 2 = no.) (Coded 1 = 1, 2 = 0.
)Suicide Plan. ��During the past 12 months, did you make a plan about how you would attempt suicide?�� (Response option was 1 = yes and 2 = no, coded 1 = 1, 2 = 0.)2.2.4. Protective Factors (School Attendance, Peer Support at School, Parental or Guardian Supervision, Connectedness, and Bonding) Truancy. During the past 30 days, on how many days did you miss classes or school without permission? (Response options were from 1 = 0 times to 5 = 10 or more times.) (Coded 1 = 1 or 2 to 10 or more times, and 0 = 0 times.)Peer Support.
At school was assessed with the question: ��During the past 30 days, how often were most of the students in your school kind and helpful?�� Parental or guardian supervision ��During the past 30 days, how often did your parents or guardians check to see if your homework was done��? Parental or Guardian Connectedness: ��During the past 30 days, how often did your parents or guardians understand your problems or worries?�� Parental or guardian bonding: ��During the past 30 days, how often did your parents or guardians really know what you were doing with your free time?�� Response options to these questions were from 1 = never to 5 = always, coded 1 = never or rarely, and 0 = sometimes to always.2.3.