The Three Most Common & Expensive Repairs to Avoid When Used Car Shopping Owning a car is a big responsibility. You must pay car insurance, put gas in the car, look after routine maintenance like brakes, tires, shocks, hoses, and fluid changes in addition to major repairs. Is a 16-year-old ready for that responsibility? It depends on what you much responsibility youve allowed them to have. If youre teen isnt responsible, you may want to nix the concept of them buying or having a car. 1. Know the dealerships lingo. There are numerous terms which might be unfamiliar to numerous car shoppers. Knowing what these terms mean, and taking advantage of them when negotiating a purchase price using a dealer will show them they are dealing using a smart shopper, and definately will assist you to secure a great price. For example, dealer holdback can be a discount the dealer gets completely from the maker. The holdback enables the casino dealer to still generate profits when selling a motor vehicle in the invoice price. Dealer holdback generally ranges from 2% to 3% of MSRP -- Toyotas is 2%, and the dealership holdback for Honda and also the Big Three is 3%. Thus, with a $30,000 Toyota Sienna if the dealer is selling at invoice he could be still making $600 as a result of holdback. Do not read more let him explain how hes only making $100 if he accepts your offer of $100 over invoice. Four-square is another term often used by dealers in negotiations. The four-square represents some portions of a sale - price tag, trade in value, monthly payment and deposit. Dealers make use of this making it appear like a buyer is negotiating a good deal. For example, a dealer might accept boost the valuation on the trade in, but he can also improve the amount of the payment per month for the car you are looking at purchasing, resulting in within the same financial position. If you want to simplify several-square you can aquire financing by yourself, or sell your potential trade in by yourself. This will permit you to negotiate directly with the seller on price. Find car incentives & rebates at . Another common dealer term is dealer preparation charges. This type of charge is 100% bogus, and you are under no obligation to pay for any preparation fees to get a pre-owned car purchase. Blue Book value is an additional term used widely by dealers. When dealers quote the blue book value on a motor vehicle or truck you could be trading in, or for the vehicle they may be selling you they are using values extracted from KelleyBlueBook, or NADAGuides. The values a dealer will provide you readily available two guides will likely be much diverse from the values given by Edmunds, on their financial benefit. Once you have finished examining the engine and engine compartment you will need to start the car. If you notice any blue smoke coming from the exhaust the engine burns oil. Lots of white smoke is really a tell-tale sign the engines head gasket is blown. Listen to the engine to make sure there isnt any weird noises. A good engine does not knock, sputter, bang, or pop, and squealing noise is really a belt slipping. Make sure all the lights work. These include headlights (low and high beams), brake lights, reverse lights, license plate lights, and turn signals. Press firmly around the brake and hold pressure. If you can put your foot for the floor this can be a bad sign. Look at the gauges and make certain each of them work. After this make sure the car is at park or neutral with the emergency brake engaged, its a pointer to check within the car. While beneath the car seek out any leaks in the brake, gas, and transmission lines. A quick way to check is to consider the ground for virtually any stains or wetness. Check the frame for rust holes or any alterations. Spotting a frame which includes had damage repaired is easy. Just look to see if you can find any unusually clean areas, or areas which have a lot of extra scratches and scrapes. Once you are finished examining the undercarriage with the vehicle check the tires. Our expert adds that, "If you walk into get a car and didnt run your credit report or even your scores, the very first thing the finance department will perform operates it to suit your needs. If you head to several dealerships and so they all check your credit, its going to actually have a negative relation to your credit rating!"