A few handful of definitions for the term "crosshead", the building industry standard to the term identifies a treatment using a blend of molding and other millwork above a window or doorway. The thought of utilizing a crosshead will not be new, but is borrowed from a feature located in early Grecian architecture, called an Entablature. This term refers to a superstructure of ornate details and moldings utilized to encapsulate or carved onto the face of lintels, the beams which span from column to column of an classic structure, like the Parthenon. The Entablature incorporates the architrave, the frieze, the cornice, along with the pediment. Within all of the elements, come the majority of the features utilised in modern architecture. Today, the classic door surround uses pilasters on either side on the door to duplicate the appearance of columns. Across the door, a crosshead can be used to repeat the style of the architrave, frieze, and cornice. The triangular or arched feature above a crosshead known as a pediment. Several architectural details, such as dentil molding, corbels, and carving inlays, were derived from the entablature. The frieze was applied as a "billboard" because era, in order to make a statement of grandeur or send a note of these might, by the details carved to the stone.
The classic crosshead contains four basic features; the cap, the frieze board, the molding, plus the base, which is similar to features located in a mantel. All the features on the crosshead are based on the frieze board size. The size of the frieze is determined by the general width from the door or window, like the casement molding. The frieze board would be the body of the crosshead and determines a lot of the general height. The molding typically used can be a crown molding, currently in use to produce visual depth. The optional usage of keystones, carving inlays or dentil trim provides detail to the frieze board. Though some may choose the simple classic lines, and some choose the ornate.
A crosshead may be used outside above windows or entry doors. Vinyl, urethane foam or resin materials are normally used for exterior applications. Typically, interior crossheads are constructed from wood. The wooden crosshead gives the flexibility of custom sizing and special features, while foam, resin, or vinyl provides each selling point of weather resistance and decay. Whether used above a featured entryway or over the many windows or doors in the home or office, a crosshead is an often overlooked feature to make a decor together.
Today, crossheads are made-to-order and so are readily accessible. They may be an easy task to install with a few common household tools and is installed above existing trim work or incorporated in new construction. Small architectural details, like the crosshead, can still generate a dramatic statement.
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