Exploring the role of Islam in perceptions of mental illness in a sample of Muslim psychiatrists based in Johannesburg.

The current editions of both the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual

of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR [1] and the International Classification

of Diseases (ICD-10) [2] define mental illness in terms of the existence

of a clinically recognisable set of symptoms or behaviours associated

with interference with personal functions. Across the world there are

individuals whose patterns of aberrant behaviour and experiences may not

fit any into any of these Western conventional definitional and

diagnostic categories, yet these patterns are considered

'illnesses' in a specific population or cultural

group.'31 Some of these behaviours are lab