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"\"\\\"\\\\\\\"On the eve of the First World War's 100th anniversary, the state of our knowledge about this conflict stands at a crossroads. Although the study of this momentous event has been rejuvenated during the last 25 years, books and articles continue to assess familiar aspects of the war with familiar methods. At a time when many countries will be commemorating the war in simplified national terms, there is an opportunity to counter these often reductive commemorations by inviting scholars to develop a more nuanced and global understanding of the First World War.\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\n\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nFrom my point of view, it seems indispensable for us to favour the transfer of road freight to the rail and maritime networks. Strengthening the position of railways requires especially the construction of new high-speed lines, like our TGVs. Rail freight has grown significantly in Germany and in Italy, while its development has been very slow in France.\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\n\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nWe should then develop our methods of charging tolls for the use of transport infrastructure. In its report submitted on the 6th of February 2008, the enquiry group set up by the Senate Economic Affairs Commission to study the functioning and funding of transport infrastructureh, presided by Mr. Francis Grignon, proposed innovative means of finding the new resources necessary to finance the future investments that will be required.\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\n\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nIndeed, it was just two days ago that the European Commission proposed the Greening Transport Packageh. Among the measures advocated, the proposal for a directive modifying the Eurovignette directive seems very important to me. The Economic Affairs Commission, in its report on infrastructures, came out heavily in favour of renewing this system so as to make it an effective ecological instrument to help make the transport sector more sustainable.\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\n\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nStill within the perspective of better taking into account the environment in the transport sector, I should like to mention the special tax on automobile insurance policies for vehicles of under 3.5 tonnes that I myself supported in the report of the aforementioned enquiry group, designed to ensure the funding for transport infrastructure projects originating from the Grenelle Conference on the Environment.\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\n\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nThis contribution would remain modest, since it would represent on average only thirty or so Euros per year, i.e. the average motorway toll for a trip of 300 kilometres. Moreover it would present an ecological aspect since its rate would depend essentially on the level of CO2 emissions and on the number of grams per kilometre of toxic particles produced by the vehicle.\\\\\\\"\\\"\"