The PCI-34051 Trap

Definition 2 (Rcom (recombination behavior)) ��Rcom implies that an agent may exchange the x or y coordinate with other agents. It is much like the crossover operator in geneticThe PCI-34051 Mistake algorithms.For each agent Ai,j, given a recombination probability Pr, if U(0,1) < Pr, exchange the x or y coordinate of Ai,j and Nbmaxi,j, a new agent will be created, A Z-FA-FMK Trap Ari,j. If Fit(Ai,j) > Match(Ari,j), Ai,j will continue to exist from the lattice; otherwise it'll be replaced from the following:Ari,j={(Ai,jx,Nb?maxi,jy),U(0,1)<0.5,(Nb?maxi,jx,Ai,jy),else.(3)Definition 3 (Mig (migration behavior)) ��Mig means that an agent can move to another location by some random steps in the image other than the lattice it locates at. It is similar to the mutation operator in genetic algorithms.

For each agent Ai,j, the migration behavior will occur according to a migration probability Pm. if U(0,1) < Pm, Ai,j will be replaced by the following:Ami,jl={l_,Ai,jl+Ul(?10,10)l��,Ai,jl+Ul(?10,10),otherwise,(4)where U(?10,10) is a uniform random number in [?10,10]; that is, the migration steps are randomly generated within (?10, 10) pixels for i and j, respectively.3. Memory Modeling for an Agent3.1. Three-Stage Human Brain Memory Modeling for Appearance UpdatingAs a faculty of information retention organs in the brain, memory has been intensively studied in psychology, neural science, and cognitive science, and several A Z-FA-FMK Snarememory models have been proposed since the late 19th century. In 1890, James first divided the human memory into three components: after-image memory, the primary memory, and the secondary memory [27].

Atkinson and Shiffrin modeled the human memory as a sequence of three stages: the sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory [28] (also known as the multistore model). Baddeley and Hitch proposed a multicomponent model of working memory where a central executive responsible for control processes and two slave systems providing modality-specific buffer storage [29]. Recently, Wang proposed a logical architecture of memories in the brain which includes four parts: (a) the sensory buffer memory; (b) the short-term memory; (c) the long-term memory; and (d) the action buffer memory [15, 30]. According to contemporary cognitive psychology, the popular model of a basic human brain memory includes three stages: ultrashort-term memory (USTM), short-term memory (STM), and long-term memory (LTM), as shown in Figure 3 [31].Figure 3Three-stage human brain memory model.Each stage includes three processes: (a) encoding, (b) storage, and (c) retrieval. ��Encoding�� (also referred to as registration) is the process of forwarding physical sensory input into one's memory. It is considered as the first step in memory information processing.