Peptides have been creating a buzz for a long time now due to its uses in several areas. However, not many of them are familiar about peptides. They have several questions regarding this compound. Some of the queries include - what is a peptide? What is it made of? Is it safe for humans?
Peptides are the functional building blocks present in every organism on earth. They help in basic development of living beings. They are compounds specifically known as polymers in the scientific knowledge. Click here to know more.
How is peptide formed?
When one or more amino acid molecules combine in a covalent bond, it gives rise to the formation of peptides. When these structures of peptides, link to form a long chain, they give rise to proteins that we are acquainted to.
A covalent bond is a chemical bond that is formed when two elements or molecules combine to form a compound by mutual sharing of electrons. The bonds formed in peptides are commonly known as amide bond and are formed when the carboxyl group (containing hydrogen, oxygen and carbon) of an amino acid attaches to another.
What uses do they find in our body?
Peptides find a wide range of functions in our body. For instance, peptides are capable of regulating the hormones in our body like the growth hormones while many peptides can be used in antibiotic functions in our body.
Peptides are the simple forms of protein that can be digested by our body’s digestive system very easily, for example, whenever you take extracts that are rich in protein, the enzymes usually break them down into peptides for better digestion.
If you are curious to know about the difference between peptides and protein then it is nothing but the protein is a complex structure of peptides. When more than fifty peptide molecules are linked together in a chain then they can be regarded as protein.