Before we know more about pain management, let's have a better understanding first of what ‘pain' means in this phrase. The pain described in this context doesn't only mean a physical, mental or emotional suffering or distress due to injury and the like, but this pain also pertains to an incurable pain. To expound more on that, pain sometimes goes away quickly once the underlying (root cause) physical or emotional trauma has healed using medicine. However, when this pain incessantly arises and is already resistant to medicine; when the cause of pain has already healed; and when medical science can't identify the cause of the pain, this is already where pain management steps in.
There are two types of pain as categorized by pain experts. We have the Nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Nociceptive pain is usually temporary which means the pain is resolved once the tissue is healed. Some examples of noniceptive pain are burns, bruises, bumps, sprains, obstructions or injuries to internal organs and tissues such as your back. This type of pain typically responds well to treatment with ipioids. Neuropathic pain on the other hand transpires from a broken down nervous system or a malfunction in the central nervous system. Some examples of neuropathic pain are components of cancer, nerve trauma, widespread nerve damage or illnesses such as infections of internal organs. This type of pain may persist for months or years even after the damaged tissues have been healed. If in nociceptive pain, the nerves called nociceptors sense and respond to parts of the body which suffer from damage and then transmits this pain to the brain; in neuropathic pain, pain signals no longer sends an alarm, instead the alarm system itself is already malfunctioning.
Pain management is a practice in medicine that is focused in aiding people with chronic, untreatable pain problems control and cope with their pain. Now this is a specialty that is rapidly growing in popularity and application. There are various techniques that are applied in Pain Management. We have interventional procedures, medication, physical therapy, sports medicine ahwatukee arizona alternative therapies such as acupuncture and massages as well as psychological counseling.
When consulting a doctor, it is very important that your history is keenly discussed to know better on how to handle your pain most especially if it is a neuropathic type of pain. Your injury will still undergo a preliminary assessment though which includes x-rays, blood tests, and other simple medical tests. When the cause of pain is identified, a treatment method is determined to your particular case. If after some time the pain recurs and in this case it might be at a higher level of pain where you couldn't pinpoint the cause, this is the best time to consult the nearest pain management specialist near you to help better deal with your situation.