What is Orthodontics?
The practice of orthodontics requires professional skill in design, application and control of corrective appliances as braces to bring teeth, lips and jaws into proper alignment and to achieve facial balance. An orthodontist is a specialist in this branch of dentistry equipped with a knowhow of facial growth and development, who can harness growth in a child for treatment if recommended, :treat an adolescent with or without extractions, :treat an adult for crooked or malaligned teeth. He determines whether you need braces.
Why do I need orthodontic treatment?
Lots of kids don’t have perfect teeth. Their teeth could be crooked or upper and lower jaws might not be the same size.
Some causes of crowding and malocclusion:
1. Premature loss of milk teeth.
2.Prolonged retention or delayed loss of milk teeth which would result in permanent tooth taking a deviant path.
3.Childhood habits persisting beyond 4 years of age, such as thumbsucking, finger/nail biting ,lip sucking, mouthbreathing, incorrect swallowing, all lead to irregular teeth alignment and formation.
Teeth that are crowded and even proclined could be accepted by some as a natural smile not to be tampered with; would nevertheless present problems in day today life.
Malaffects of Malocclusion:
1.Irregular teeth are difficult to clean and allow catchment areas for plaque and calculus deposition,
since they are inaccessible to toothbrush and other cleansing aids.
2.They are esthetically unappealing.
3.Crowded teeth are prone to caries and gingival problems.
4.Forwardly placed teeth are prone to trauma and injury.
5.Unpleasant smile hampers confidence and self-esteem of the child.
6.Affects job/career prospects.
7.Deep bite leads to wearing away of natural teeth causing sensitivity and reducing life span of teeth.
Benefits of Orthodontics?
• Reduce the risk of injury – prominent teeth are more prone to trauma
• Reduce the risk of decay as crooked teeth are harder to clean
• Reduce the risk of developing TMJ problems
• Eliminate the excessive wear on your teeth that can be caused by a poorly aligned bite
• Straight teeth provide a healthier, more attractive smile
• A beautiful smile increases your confidence and self-esteem
When is the ideal time to start with orthodontic treatment?
It is commonly believed that orthodontic treatment can be deferred till the time all permanent teeth have erupted in the mouth i.e age 12,but research has proved that early intervention can reduce some significant problems for children. American Association of Orthodontists recommends, the first visit to the orthodontist take place no later than age 7. Beginning treatment at an optimal time ensures fabulous results with least amount of time and expense.