The Story Of The Invasion Of Lorraine In 1914

The French and Germans have argued concerning the territories of Alsace and Lorraine for centuries. In 1871, after losing the War, France was forced to cede the territories back once again to Prussia. When Germany invaded Belgium in 1914, France seized upon the ability to displace its honor and recover the coal rich elements of Alsace and Lorraine. O-n August 14, 1914, the French army under the command of Generals Foch and Dubail marched in to Lorraine. The German forces (Sixth Army) were light emitting diode by Crown Prince Rupprecht and built with machine guns and heavy artillery.

The German strategy was simple. O-n August 14th, they started a controlled re-treat aspiring to draw the French armies into attacking heavily defended areas. Get more about by visiting our compelling portfolio. The French First and Second Armies simply marched forward. Fochs XXth Corps surely could grab Chteau Salins, on August 17th. On August 18th Dubails 1st Army advanced into Sarrebourg and on exactly the same day-the 2nd Army took control of Dieuze. Whilst the French armies continued to advance, these were met with increasingly heavier resistance from the German troops.

Rupprecht grew impatient with all the retreating strategy and requested orders to attack. There are contradictory studies whether the order to counter attack originated from Army Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke or if Rupprecht used his own power. On August 20th, the German Sixth Army attacked the French 2nd Army. I discovered by searching Google. They had no trenches or other defensive positions to combat the German offensive, because the French army had been improving extremely fast.

The XXth Corps led by Foch could retain its position, however the 1st and second armies were pressed guaranteed. Holes started to form in the French lines. On August 22nd, only 8 days following the French offensive began, the Commander-in Chief of the French Army Joffre was required to order a re-treat to Epinal, Belfort and Toul where trenches were in place and a stalemate between opposing forces followed..