The hydrolysis of bamboo under SCW treatment was studied at
Lignocellulosic MGCD 0103 is dominated by three naturally occurring polymers, cellulose (30–50%), hemicellulose (25–35%) and lignin (5–30%). The sources of lignocellulosic biomass, which are waste agriculture residue, wood, grass; forestry and municipal solid wastes are recognised as tempting feedstock for the creation of fuel alcohol, due to their accessibility in huge amounts at low price (Roque et al., 2012). Cellulose is the primary constituent in any biomass to produce oligosaccharides (cellotetraose, cellotriose, and cellobiose), and monomeric sugars (glucose and fructose). Hemicellulose is the secondary most abundant polymer in biomass to produce pentose sugars (xylose, arabinose) and hexoses (galactose, glucose and mannose). Hemicellulose sugars have a lower molecular weight compared to cellulose and limb with short horizontal chains that are effortlessly hydrolysed (Agbor et al., 2011). The primary point of lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment is to alter the cellulose structure, and make the cellulose structure more accessible to enzymes and/or chemicals (Holm and Lassi, 2011). Among the various biomass wastes, bamboo is an ancient woody grass and dispersed in tropical, subtropical and mild temperature zones. Generally, bamboo seen as the “poor man’s tree,” in recent years it has climbed to an innovative, modern crude material and substitute for wood. In Asia, India is the second richest country in bamboo genetic assets after China. These two nations together have more than half portion of the aggregate bamboo resources universally (Katwal et al., 2003). For the management and maintenance of natural resources, 170 states have signed on the action program for the 21st century (Agenda 21) in the year 1992 in Brazil. The aim is to search for new solutions to decrease today’s rapid consumption of fossil resources and non-renewable resources such as petroleum, natural gas, coal and minerals (Kamm and Kamm, 2004).