NomenclatureAbbreviationsCVcross validationCFDcomputational fluid dynamicsDVdesign variableEGerror goalFEMfinite element methodGAgenetic algorithmGVgu

A comprehensive wind resource assessment usually entails the following tasks [4], [5] and [6]:1.Site prospecting: identification of TAK-242 suitable site using cartography (wind maps, political maps, etc.).2.Measurement campaign: characterization of the on-site wind resource by recording the winds for 1–4 years as close as possible to hub height, with temporary meteorological masts (possibly completed with remote sensing instruments).3.Microscale vertical extrapolation: transfer of the measurements to hub heights.4.Long-term extrapolation: extension of the measurements to the 10- to 30-year-long operation lifetime using historical observations (nearby tall towers, surface weather stations, rawinsonde stations, modeled data sets such as reanalyses) and (mostly) statistical methods.5.Wind-farm layout design: establishment of turbine locations and relative wind resource estimation (e.g., using computational fluid dynamic models).6.Gross energy production estimation: calculation of the potential wind power for the whole site.7.Energy losses assessment: evaluation of losses due to various causes (equipment downtime, array losses, etc.).8.Uncertainty estimation: careful evaluation of the uncertainty associated with every step above.