For hill climbing methods like P amp O method

A part from these Cathepsin G EU voluntary schemes, the European investors involved in acquisitions for biofuel feedstocks or flexible crops join a variety of other initiatives and certification: Common Code for the Coffee Community (4C); the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS); Forest Stewardship Council (FSC); Food Safety System Certification (FSSC 22000); Fairtrade (FT); the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN); Global Reporting Initiative (GRI); International Finance Corporation (IFC); International Organization for Standardization (ISO 9001; ISO 14001; ISO 22000; ISO 26100); Jatropha Alliance (JA); Health and Safety Standards (OHSAS 18001); Rainforest Alliance (RA); Sustainable Bioethanol Award (SBA); UTZ certification for coffee, cocoa or tea (UTZ).
We find therefore four types of certification system [15]: internal corporate self-regulation (first-party certification, such as the atrioventricular (AV) node SBA initiative); business associations which establish standards and verify compliance (second-party certification, as for instance Bonsucro and RSPO); multi-stakeholder initiatives with non-corporate governing bodies (third-party certification, such as RA, Bonsucro); and initiatives managed by governments or multilateral agencies (fourth-party certification, as the EU EMAS).