Besides the search for improving production stages to obtain efficient

Bioelectricity linked to the production of ethanol and sugar has exceptional conditions to represent strategic role in the expansion of the national power system, as an important LY450139 source to supplement the offer of energy generated by the hydroelectricity, besides providing low cost production, transmission and distribution (electric energy generated nearest the consumer centers), environmental benefits (source of renewable energy and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases) and socioeconomic benefits (employment generation, guarantee of the supply of energy, reductions in electricity transmission losses and decentralization of electric energy offer). All these factors strengthen the competitiveness of the national economy [4]; furthermore, bioelectricity allows the generation of energy during the months with lower pluviometrics levels [4] and [19], making possible the decrease in the cost of production of sugar, ethanol and cellulosic ethanol, when bioelectricity generation is present in the productive process [28] and [29], providing fixed values and financial contracts exceeding 15 years [19]. Therefore this situation stimulates the choice of public–private policies favorable to the generation of bioelectricity as a possible energetic solution, to the energetic market in a country in full socioeconomic expansion, with growing need for electric power availability.