Constructivism Trends in Moscow Architecture
1 of the most well-known examples of Constructivism, the style which brings together straight traces and numerous types such as cylinders, squares, rectangles, cubes and so on, is the globe-well-known Lenin mausoleum in the middle of Crimson Square. It was designed in 1924 by architect Alexei Shchusev.
The fashion does not only exploit the opposition in between different types and designs, but it also plays on the distinction of various surfaces: tough partitions (adorned with granite chips) and home windows. Windows are usually either strictly square or rectangular. They can also be horizontal like giant ribbons wrapped around an whole developing. Preferably, there are spherical windows, too, usually at the extremely leading of the developing.
The earliest structures developed by architects Konstantin Melnikov, Ilya Golosov, the Vesniny brothers, Moisei Ginzburg and numerous other people, appeared in 1925 as the nation was just emerging from WWI and experienced no money for new construction. Constructivism did not reside for lengthy, only until 1931-33. There are about 600 Constructivism-fashion buildings in the Russian money today.
Personal mansions had been issues of the previous, the revolutionaries determined, and it was time to develop community buildings rather: communal homes, factories doubling as communal kitchens, workers clubs and office structures.
In addition to the mausoleum, an additional famous Constructivist building is the newspaper Izvestia workplaces at five Pushkin Square. While searching extremely business-like, it has a number of round home windows on its leading flooring.
The editorial workplaces of Pravda on 24 Pravda Road also belong to the fashion, a rectangular developing equipped out almost completely with home windows.
Then there is this incredible division shop close to metro 1905 Goda on the corner of Krasnaya Presnya street and Presnenskaya Zastava, the 1 with the Benetton sign on it. It occupies a small region and appears like a triangle with its top reduce off. On 1 aspect a huge window rises from the initial to the 3rd flooring.
Constructivist structures began to undergo considerable reconstruction after 1930-33, when the political situation in the country had altered. The new functionaries called the famed fashion bad, tough and bourgeois, saying it produced the city look ugly. Later on, it was replaced with what later on grew to become recognized as Stalin Empire style (It is sufficient to point out the 7 nearly undistinguishable skyscrapers that dominate the city skyline.)
In the 1940s and 1950s, the Constructivist architects were denied the opportunity to function, so some of them both gave up architectural design altogether, while others resorted to teaching.
The architects returned to Constructivism following 1958, when they developed a great deal more community structures this kind of as the hotels Yunost, Sputnik, Luzhniki, and Orlyonok, the post-graduate pupil house on Shvernik street close to metro Leninsky Prospekt and 1 of the buildings that makes up the Kursk railway station and other people, basing their designs on the once well-liked architectural style.