Certainly there are some drawbacks of
Certainly, there are some drawbacks of dry machining processes. The major drawback of dry cutting operation is that sometimes strong adhesion between tool rake face and chip takes place for some combinations of tool and work materials (Chetan et?al., 2014 and Rotella et?al., 2014). Increase in temperature and stress during dry cutting can also significantly reduce the tool life (Zhao et al., 2002). Adhesion wear, plastic deformation and NHS-SS-Biotin wear are all thermally derived tool wear mechanisms. On the other hand abrasion, fracture and chipping are stress related wear processes which are observed during dry machining (Sharma et al., 2009). A damaged or worn out tool, not only affect the MRR (material removal rate) but also reduces the surface integrity of finished components (Sharma and Sidhu, 2014). Keeping in view all these adverse effects of dry machining, other sustainable manufacturing techniques are essentially needed in the metal cutting domain.
Sustainable manufacturing is defined as ‘‘the creation of manufactured products that use processes that minimize negative environmental impacts, conserve energy and natural resources, are safe for employees, communities, and consumers and are economically sound’’ (Jayal et al., 2010).