In Section the specific purpose of this exploration

In addition, the proposed methods were much faster than HPSOFCM in all data sets. (ii) in comparison to CPSFC, FMC2-IDPSO obtained the best results in six out of eight real-world data sets considering the ARI. FMC2-IDPSO was also much faster than CPSFC which is an important advantage in many applications. CPSFC obtained the lowest values for criterion J in six datasets, but this AG 013736 led to overfitting and poor ARI results.