Ricka, an MA graduate who is taking up doctor of Clinical Psychology is performing a study on how humans develop. Her study about physical development is the main focus of her dissertation. Let’s explore the time when she is conducting surveys and experiments.
Everyone grows and changes throughout their lives. Human growth and the life span perspective begin from the day of conception and continue throughout the life span. It is a lifelong process which involves periods and domains of very great importance. Psychologist, sociologist, and others have done many researches into the life span of humans and have made various conclusions as to how humans behave at any given time in the life span.
Mark recently retired, and he's spending all his spare time with his great-niece Ashley, who is in preschool. Though their ages are far apart, Mark has discovered that he and Ashley have a lot in common. They are both dealing with new developmental milestones. That is, they are growing and changing every day and have to deal with new physical changes.
Human development is the way that people change and grow across their life span. There are many types of development that people go through. As children learn problem-solving skills, their cognitive (or thinking) development grows. When people age, they often develop wisdom, which means they are better able to handle stress, a process that is part of emotional development.
Let's look closer at one aspect of human development, physical development, and what it means for different people at different points in their lives. Remember Ashley? She's Mark’s great-niece, and she's at an age where her physical development is rapid. Every day, it seems like she's grown more, and her parents have to keep buying her new clothes because she keeps outgrowing them!
Childhood and adolescence are times of enormous physical changes. Children raise taller and become superior at scheming their bodies. Adolescents develop body hair and other adult features as they make their way into full adulthood. These changes seem pretty straightforward. If Ashley is two inches taller or her hat size goes up, it means that he's physically growing. What could be simpler than that?
What many people miss is that physical development is closely linked to other types of maturity as well. For example, Ashley’s brain is developing, growing and changing every day. That's physical development, but it is tied to other skills that she develops, including motor skills (like how coordinated he is) and eventually reasoning and problem-solving skills.
A child's motor skills develop before their higher cognitive skills, like reasoning or problem solving. To see why, think about Ashley. When she was a baby, she couldn't do much of anything except lie down and stare off into space. She didn't have the ability to hold his head up or to grab onto something and hold it.
But as she developed these motor skills, something else began to happen. When she could control the movement of her own head, she was able to look around. When she could grab something and hold onto it, she could explore it further, testing what it felt like, tasted like and what it looked like way up close.
Later, when Ashley is a teenager and young adult, the prefrontal cortex of his brain will develop, which will allow her to have higher thinking skills, like reasoning and problem solving. In essence, every type of development springs first from physical development. Then, Ashley is now ready to face a new chapter of her life and that is adulthood where she is no ready to have a family, marry the man she loved and mature enough to stand in her own decisions.
On the other hand, Mark, who is in the old age, is ready to face death. We all know that death comes to all; it’s a natural process of how humans degenerate. His bones are slowly weakening, his face are not the same during his teenage life; full of wrinkles and screwed up.
Truly, life is complex process. Each one must experience change that is constant in this world. Development is like walking a staircase; in order to reach the maximum point, one has to experience and walk so that one can achieve progress.
The study conducted by Ricka is one proof that every human has individual differences and attributes but have one thing in common and that is change brought by the secretion of hormones which have been reacted by the cells to perpetuate, change and develop.
Written by: Rick Jhan Hiponia