"Some alien native land": Arthur Nortje, literary history and the body in exile.

Over the past few years in South Africa we have witnessed theemergence of a new nation not only in our first national elections orthe forging of the new constitution, but also in the dramatic, tidalreturn of an exiled and sequestered population. With our border postsnow thinly defended, electric fences dormant, and prison doors swingingopen, every day brings scenes of jubilant reunion, at airports ordocksides, with gaunt refugees returning. Exile is, in many respects,the central problem in South African literary history. In no othercountry save perhaps 1930s Germany did the state mount such a concertedeffort to expel and destroy the most innovative representatives ofnonofficial culture.