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The interactions between sodium or magnesium ions and phosphate groups with the RNA backbone represented as dinucleotide fragments in water option are already studied utilizing ab initio Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics. All programs happen to be simulated at 300 and 320 K Sodium ions have mobility greater than that with the magnesium Letrozole ions and readily alter their place with respect for the phosphate groups, from immediately bonded to completely solvated state, that has a rough estimate with the lifetime of bonded Na+ of about 20-30 Ps. The coordination amount of your sodium ions commonly modifications in irregular intervals ranging from various femtoseconds to about 10 ps using the most often encountered coordination amount 5, followed by 6.

The magnesium ion is stable both as straight bonded to an oxygen atom from your phosphate group and fully solvated by water. In both states the Mg2+ ion towards has precisely 6 oxygen atoms within the 1st coordination shell; in addition, during the full simulation of more than 100 ps no exchange of ligand during the first coordination shells has become observed. Solvation with the terminal phosphate oxygen atoms by water molecules forming hydrogen bonds in numerous places on the ions is additionally talked about. The stability of the system containing selleck inhibitor sodium ions fundamentally doesn't depend upon the place from the ions with respect to your phosphate groups.