Visions of Dystopia in The Giver and The Lottery
Lois Lowrys The Giver is one in a huge group of ielts preparation di jakarta "dystopian" literature. The globe of The Giver centers around a strictly society referred to as The Community. Its members reside in a sort of self-imposed stasis, and therefore their population, behavior, speech, activities, and emotions are regulated by a select band of elites referred to as The Elders. Merely to be safe, though, humanitys collective memories such as pre-reform experiences of things like love, lust, hate, fear, fun, pleasure, envy hell, also color are stockpiled into one guy known as "The Receiver of Storage," who keeps everyone from needing to make choices that could be dangerous. Lets hope he by no means falls down the stairs or anything. On a far more cryptic note, THE CITY keeps healthful by "releasing" all its ill children, previous geezers, misfits to the land referred to as "Elsewhere." Remember when Mother told you that Socks visited a ranch where she could frolic in a field as large as the sky? Well the difference here's that when Mother said it, she wasnt the one doing the killing.
On the plus side, surviving in The Community takes all of the hassle out of work hunting, since everyones lot in life is... well, just that: each person is allotted a particular occupation at age eleven without query or complaint. That is, until youthful Jonas is selected to displace the ridiculously old man currently serving as The Receiver of Memory space (whos scheduled to create a little "day hike to Somewhere else" of his own); factors operate afoul when the transfer of the aged mans recollections enables Jonas to feel things such as love, pain, fear, and "holy crap! where are you sending my unwell adoptive child brother?!" Having learned that "releasing" entails only a lethal injection and a short drop into a trash chute, Jonas decides to run away with little baby Gabriel, leaving the basic safety of The Community to see the independence of independence, self-direction, character, and, ok last one, starvation. The tale ends with a malnourished Jonas and Gabriel sledding down a hill in the snow. Or dying the book isnt exactly clear on that. (Whats with ambiguous sled endings, anyway?)
At first glance, this couldnt be more different from the start of "The Lottery," which is defined in small-city America where everything seems just average enough. We get a chance to meet the townspeoples key families, like the Hutchinsons and Summerses, as the community gathers around the post office for some kind of annual lottery drawing. The fact that almost a third of the story describes the tradition and method of the lottery emphasizes how social ritual obscures all understanding of whats really going on for readers and lottery-goers alike. Even though the particulars of this story may sound just a little far-fetched, keep in mind that Jackson published this tale in 1948 in the same way the world was still coming to grips with the full tragedy of the Holocaust. Still appear implausible?
Think "utopia," then think Third Reich.